Piedmont, the pre-eminent fine wine province of Italy since Roman times, and this was reinforced under the House of Savoy which lorded it over Europe during the Middle Ages from their base in Turin. Piedmont's fame increased too as this noble House secured their place in history as the driver for Italian Reunification in 1861. 

Located in the north-west of the country with a continental climate, Piedmont is influenced culturally and climatically by the surrounding Alps and Ligurian Apennines. Piedmont's most important fine wine region is south of Alba, incorporating Barolo.

Nebbiolo is the grape of Piedmont, and arguably the whole country. It is planted in only the most favourable sites and is the power behind Barolo.